Stockholm

A fast-growing capital set to be fossil-fuel free by 2040

Welcome to Stockholm!

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Stockholm, the capital of Sweden and the largest city in the Nordic countries, is growing fast. The city is in transition from a medium-sized city surrounded by 23 municipalities to a one million-plus city, in a metropolitan area with three million residents – and the road network and public transport infrastructure is dimensioned for the earlier situation and will need to expand.

The City of Stockholm is to be fossil-fuel free by 2040. The City Council has set up a milestone target for emissions of no more than 2.3 tonnes of CO2e (carbon dioxide equivalents) per resident by 2020. The toughest challenge requiring the most urgent action is the transportation sector.

The site for accelerated market introduction

An increasing number of people and volume of goods will need to be moved through greater use of high capacity transportation services, such as public transport, bicycles, and walking, as well as freight vehicles with a high load factor. The negative effects of road and street traffic must be minimised by promoting car use only for travel that generate the most public good.

To steer the transition to more sustainable transport in Stockholm, the authorities are implementing the following tactics and tools:

The City of Stockholm is facing densification, with new residences being built in “infill” sites and locations with good public transport connections. As a result, parking places will be removed as these are often located on “infill” sites. When constructing new residences, building contractors that invest in mobility services located in or around new buildings receive a “discount” on the number of parking places that should be built. The number of parking places required in new residences today is 0.3-0.6 but can be reduced to 0.22 with the mobility discount. A number of new residential areas will have no residential parking or street parking at all. 

In the City of Stockholm there are currently four car-sharing firms offering station-based services, one actor offering free-floating electric cars, various services for private car-sharing, a free-floating bike-sharing system, and two, free-floating dock-free electric scooter services. The situation is evolving on an ongoing basis.

The City of Stockholm gives no special benefits for activities like car-sharing, but encourages development of services that can survive in the market on their own terms and that contribute to sustainable travel patterns. Demonstrations with intensive evaluations of the impact of new mobility options is highly requested. Currently, it is mainly construction firms and property companies that introduce new mobility concepts in their new developments; this means that they also become aware of new mobility solutions and a number of companies now take steps to ensure that all their residents, including those in existing properties, have access to new mobility services. 

The residents of Stockholm can be described as early adopters with high levels of environmental awareness and strong interest in testing new techniques. For this reason, many companies prioritize testing new products in Stockholm. 

Thanks to city-owned cable company Stokab’s market-neutral fibreoptic network, the City of Stockholm is one of the world’s most connected cities. Almost all residences in the city have access to fibreoptic internet connection. Stokab is investing heavily every year to improve and extend the fibreoptic network to connect new buildings, bus stops, lampposts and other street furniture on which other actors want to set up, such as smart sensors or 5G base stations. 

Travel behaviour

In the Stockholm region, the daily number of public transport passengers is 2.9 million, of which 1.3 million in the metro and 1.1 million on buses. Car ownership amounts to 402 cars per 1,000 residents, of which 272 are owned by private individuals.

Stockholm ranked second worldwide in the Urban Mobility Index presented in the Arthur D Little Future of Mobility report 3.0, which was published in April 2018. Stockholm scored 57.1% compared with the worldwide average of 42.3%. The Urban Mobility Index assesses cities according to the maturity, innovation and performance of their urban mobility solutions.

The stakeholders and existing need

Parking facilities – Stockholm Parking

Stockholm Parking is a fully-owned company of the City of Stockholm.

The company owns a large number of indoor and outdoor parking facilities and manages parking for city departments and companies, as well as other actors. This concerns both pre-hired and visitor parking facilities. The company owns and manages around 65,800 parking spaces in the city of Stockholm.

Stockholm Parking is involved in several new urban development projects to construct new parking facilities which combine parking spaces and other mobility services. In several of Stockholm Parking’s existing facilities, mobility services are offered – sometimes at the company’s own initiative (e.g. cycle parking and cycle lockers), and sometimes on a commercial basis together with other actors (e.g. car-pool, cargo-bike pools, electric scooters and delivery boxes).

Housing – Familjebostäder  

Familjebostäder is one of three municipal housing companies in the City of Stockholm. Familjebostäder has 19,376 rental apartments, located in 373 properties all over the city. The company’s housing stock is growing with around 600 new apartments per year. This means that during the next few years, thousands of new tenants will move into an apartment owned by Familjebostäder.

In the majority of the new residences, Familjebostäder invest in mobility services located in and around new buildings to receive a “discount” on the number of parking spots that has to be built. Information that inspires sustainable traveling, car sharing services, bike sharing services, space for bike service and delivery lockers for e-commerce are examples of the services that are required in new residences.

Many of the new residences are built in “infill” sites and locations with good public transport connections, adjacent to parts of Familjebostäder’s existing housing stock. In those areas, space for parking is scarce. Therefore, in order to reduce the demand for parking, Familjebostäder is looking into the possibilities of introducing mobility services to existing tenants. 

Public Transport – SL

Stockholm has very good and well-used public transport, especially during peak hours and on weekdays. Stockholm transport (SL), the public transport authority, covers 26 municipalities in the region on one ticket, combining commuter trains, underground, buses and ferries. SL is now in the process of making their tickets available for third-party sales via API.

SL will operate the entire public transport fleet on 95% renewables by 2021, and gradually reduce energy consumption.

SL is currently involved in different pilots for combined mobility and welcomes more to come. Besides providing data in GTFS format, APIs for travel planning (exposed via trafiklab.se) and APIs for ticketing, SL will also support pilot projects with general public transport expertise. Pilots that support innovation and put public transport in a new context will be prioritized.

Specific sites with a need for sustainable mobility services

In the Stockholm region, there are four specific sites in which there is a high interest and explicit need for sustainable mobility services. These areas are described below. 

Kista Science City – district in the City of Stockholm

With 20,000 inhabitants and 40,000+ people commuting into the area in morning peak hours, Kista Science City is an excellent district for testing new mobility solutions. Kista Science City is situated a few kilometers north of Stockholm downtown. As a part of the City of Stockholm, Kista Science City has European highways E4 and E18 with a metro station, a commuter rail station, and several bus routes in place, but has a significant high modal share for private cars.

Kista Science City is one of the leading ICT clusters in the world with Urban ICT Arena, “an open testbed and arena for collaboration and technological development and innovation in an urban environment where digitization opportunities for future and society can be developed, tested and displayed”. Urban ICT Arena as platform for Future Urban Mobility has been instrumental to the first Scandinavian test of autonomous buses during 2018 and is currently setting up a new trial which will include connecting buses with 5G connectivity.

As a high-density cluster for ICT companies with two university satellites, you will find many tech-savvy people who are always interested in innovative and high-tech solutions that can help solve their daily commute.

To help innovators in using the site as an urban testbed, there is an organized collaboration between Stockholm City and real estate owners on site (except for Urban ICT Arena), as well as the entrepreneurial Kista Business Network. 

Stockholm Royal Seaport – district in the City of Stockholm

Stockholm Royal Seaport is the largest ongoing urban development project in the City of Stockholm, with more than 12,000 new residential units and 35,000 workspaces to be completed by 2030. The project was appointed by the City Council in 2009 as the flagship on sustainable urban development, with an ambition to test, evaluate, implement, and disseminate technical, social, and other innovations that contribute to a sustainable and fossil fuel-free Stockholm Royal Seaport by 2030. 

Transportation is one of the more complex challenges, as it is not restricted geographically to a city district, by policies, or by infrastructure. One principle for the development in Stockholm Royal Seaport is that “it should be simple to make the right choice”. Therefore, the option for the Royal Seaport to reach its goals for transport is to combine physical infrastructure investments both at a property level and in public open space, with mobility services that are attractive, affordable, and easy to use.

The first residents moved into the district in 2014 and to date, some 6,000 residents have taken occupancy. In the earlier phases of development, mobility services were quite conventional and consisted of car-sharing services, bike-sharing initiatives, bike service units, and delivery lockers for e-commerce. Based on evaluation of these phases, we found these solutions are not sufficient. 

To further inspire innovation on sustainable transport, the Mobility Index has been developed as a new tool, with one of four modules focused on Mobility Services. The construction of the tool is open to suggestions and innovations, and will be used in the forthcoming phases. 

Hammarby Sjöstad – district in the City of Stockholm

Also known as the Sea City, Hammarby Sjöstad is a city district in the south of Stockholm where construction started in the late 1990s. The Mayor of Stockholm declared that Hammarby Sjöstad would be twice as sustainable as anything built before. To date, some 10,000 cityplanners, architects, presidents, mayors, and people from all over the world have visited Sjöstaden seeking inspiration to live a better life. 

ElectriCITY is a citizens’ initiative to reduce our climate footprint. The project is called Hammarby Sjöstad 2.0 and its goal is to be climate neutral by 2030. The project works with companies, academia, authorities, and Sjöstadsföreningen, an association with 12,000 people who are part of test beds in smart energy, sustainable transport, and sharing economics to try new innovations, small or large, for living a more sustainable life.

One initiative of the project is called Charge at Home. This project focuses primarily on increasing the number of electric cars on our roads in order to reduce carbon emissions from fossil-fueled vehicles. ElectriCITY has already assisted many housing associations when they installed charging points in their underground car parks. Today, there are approximately 350 charging points in Sjöstaden properties with an additional 31 outdoor charging points available, one of which offers fast charging. It is said that Hammarby Sjöstad is the most vehicle charger-friendly district in Sweden. ElectriCITY’s goal is to have 1,000 charging points in underground garages in Sjöstaden by 2020.

The next question for ElectriCITY is how to fill up these charging points with electric cars, mini electric-car-pools, EV-bikes, EV-scooters, and other initiatives that make use of storing renewable energy in EV-cars. We aim to offer a vehicle-to-grid (V2G) test bed that will make it possible to rent out your electric car battery.

ElectriCITY already has test beds for three households sharing an electric car. For V2G, we are currently supporting UbiGo, the Swedish MAAS-project. The goal is to have 200 users by the end of the year.

Barkarbystaden

Barkarbystaden, located in the municipality of Järfälla in the norhtwestern part of Stockholm, is currently the largest expansion area in the Stockholm region. By 2032 Barkarbystaden will grow from 5,000 to a city of 30,000 new inhabitants. The metro and regional trains will stop here and Barkarbystaden will be the home of a new hospital, many companies and Bas Barkarby – a hotspot for students and companies to meet and develop. A large multisport arena with the Stockholm area's first ski track indoors is also being built.

Already in 2024 the Stockholm metro will stop here, enabling a convenient switch to commuter trains, buses or regional trains. This gives people living and/or working here a smoother travel to work, home, and Stockholm's inner city. In October 2018, the first autonomous buses in the world began to travel on regular service in Barkarbystaden.

As a complement to rail and bus traffic and car pools, more modern and smart mobility solutions are needed in Barkarbystaden. 

Facts & Figures

Available services in Stockholm
Buses
Autonomous buses
Metro
Tram
Regional trains
Car Sharing (docking and free-floating)
Bike Sharing (docking and free-floating)
E-Scooters